Electronic Voting Pages

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  • The Ministerio del Interior in Argentina has a page with links to (e-) voting sources by country and by topic.
  • Chris Myers is frustrated with the current electronic voting debate. On his Common Sense to Reveal the Paper Trail Myth website he provides information to show that the paper trails are no solution to the security issues of new e-voting machines.
  • Electronic Vote and Democracy Links page. This is an interesting page with 247  links to e-voting and related sites and articles. The site is very useful since it provides an easy overview of the country, language, author, category and opinion ('against', 'in favour' or 'neutral') of the references.
  • The November 2nd, 2004 election: Unresolved questions. There are several major questions about the voting in the election of November 2, 2004 that have yet to be answered. Why do voting tallies differ markedly from preliminary exit poll results in a number of states? Why do voting tallies favor Bush when compared to early exit poll results in every state in which they differ? Why does there seem to be a wide difference in the vote by county in Florida depending on which voting method was used? After the difficulties recounting the vote in Florida in 2000, why were nearly 40 million votes cast this year on touch-screen voting machines that cannot be audited or recounted?
  • Academic Papers on the 2004 US Election Results.
  • Elections
    A very extensive site about everything to do with elections by the Australian Department of the Parliamentary Library. The main focus is on Australian elections but there are also links to other elections around the world. Information on electoral systems, electoral divisions, campaining, (electronic) voting, statistics, etc.
  • Electronic Voting Ireland
    European and Local Elections will be held in Ireland on Friday, June 11th 2004. At the elections, electronic voting and counting will be used throughout the entire country and citizens will be voting on a machine similar to the one featured in the
    online demonstration.
  • Voters Unite!
    An American non-partisan national grassroots network for fair and accurate elections. April 20th 2004 at 1 pm is the kickoff of Project Myth Breaker. It can empower the public in facilitating a paper trail and to help election officials think out of the box to ensure this. For details about the event, see
  • Research Group Internet Voting
    The Research Group Internet Voting is a project for the development and research of electronically supported elections in the department of social sciences of the
    University of Osnabrueck in Germany. The Internet Voting Research Group pursues empirical psephology. "Psephology" is the international term for voter behavior. They interpret that not to be the research of voter psychology, but as the research of voting, that is, the simple act of voting and the associated logistics, particularly with internet voting.
  • OII E-voting Seminar
    Barbara Simmon's e-voting seminar (03/19/2004) at the Oxford Internet Institute is archived online.
  • Electronic Frontier Foundation
    EFF is a nonprofit group of passionate people — lawyers, volunteers, and visionaries — working to protect your digital rights. The EFF has a special E-voting section.
  • The Office of the e-Envoy
    The Office of the e-Envoy (OeE) is leading the drive to get the UK online, to ensure that the country, its citizens and its businesses derive maximum benefit from the knowledge economy.
  • California Voter Foundation
    To help inform those interested in the issue of voting technology, the CVF staff has compiled a list of resources on the topic, including links to publications, news articles, and the web sites of other organizations with expertise in voting technology.
  • National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)
    The Help America Vote Act (HAVA), enacted by Congress in October 2002, has given the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) a key role in helping to realize nationwide improvements in voting systems by January 2006. NIST’s Information Technology Laboratory (ITL) is coordinating the agency’s HAVA efforts through its expertise in areas such as computer security and usability.
  • Usability Professionals' Association Voting and Usability Project
    In November 2000, America was riveted as the presidential election hung in the balance while ballots in Florida and other states were counted and re-counted. We learned a lot about the technical difficulties of managing an election in a country as large as the USA. Has this issue simply faded away? Far from it. In the US, Congress passed the Help America Vote Act of 2002, which includes includes the study and establishment of human factors and accessiblity standards for voting systems. All around the world, countries are adopting new electronic voting systems, sometimes raising security and usability issues. The UPA is interested in voting issues.
  • The Bell.
    The mission of The Bell is to contribute to the public dialogue on Internet voting as well as to lead discussions on collaborative decision-making in general. The Bell intends to provide high-quality, non-partisan, timely and useful information regarding privacy, security, technology, voting, their markets and relevant policy issues.
  • California Internet Voting Task Force
    The California Internet Voting Task Force was convened by Secretary of State Bill Jones to study the feasibility of using the Internet to conduct elections in California. More than two dozen experts in the field of data security, elections and voter participation were asked to volunteer their time and expertise in the development of this report. The recommendations, analysis and suggested technical requirements that follow represent the collective opinion of the task force.
  • The Electoral Commission
    The Electoral Commission is an independent body that was set up by the UK Parliament in November 2000. It aims to increase public confidence in the democratic process within the United Kingdom - and encourage people to take part - by modernising the electoral process, promoting public awareness of electoral matters, and regulating political parties.
  • Design for Democracy
    Design for Democracy is a registered Illinois non-profit corporation and is not aligned or associated with any corporations, organizations or entities that advocate a specific voting product or service. Design for Democracy works directly with election officials in both large and small jurisdictions to maximize their resources and achieve specific goals.
  • CyberVote
    A European project to allow Internet voting in a highly secure and verifiable way by using PC, palm computers and mobile phone. Of particular interest are the
    public deliverables.
  • DEMOS.
    DEMOS stands for Delphi Mediation Online System. DEMOS is an EU research and development project designed to support and encourage 'on-line democracy'. The project is funded by the European Commission as a shared-cost project in the context of the IST programme.
    A project dedicated to creating the GNU.FREE Internet Voting system and also advocating Free Software in e-democracy. The project thinks it's important for e-democracy software to be Free Software which is non-partisan and non-commercial in origin.
  • Electoral Reform Society.
    The Electoral Reform Society's Commission on Alternative Voting Methods is looking at new methods of voting. The Commission is investigating issues such as: the security of electronic voting; how it affects party campaigning; the extent to which it makes voting easier; the cost of electronic voting and counting as well as the case for universal postal voting.
  • UK Office of the Deputy Prime Minister
    UK Office of the Deputy Prime Minister (e-government, including e-democracy) - ODPM is responsible for the regulation and roll-out of e-voting pilots across the UK.
  • VoxPolitics VoxPolitics is a campaign to explain how new technology changes politics. It believes that new information and communications technologies will, in time, profoundly alter the relationship between citizens and the political system.
  • Savioc.com.
    Commercial solution for online voting systems.
  • Votia.com.
    Commercial solution for online voting systems.
  • Scytl.
    Commercial solution for online voting systems. SCYTL's activity in the e-voting industry is devoted to develop the cryptographic software needed for powering e-voting systems and ASP platforms with the adequate digital security features. For further information download their e-voting white paper
  • Votations.com.
    Founded in 1999 Votations.com, Inc. is a Swiss based company specialized in the development of tomorrows polling and survey technologies on the Internet.
  • SecurePoll
    SecurePoll has provided a convenient forum for the collection and distribution of election-related information since 1999.


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The effect of E-voting machines in the US 2004 election
Available online is an interesting working paper on the effect of electronic voting machines on change in support for Bush in the 2004 Florida elections. The paper is written by a couple of students of UC Berkeley together with their Professor Michael Hout and the assistance of the UC Berkeley Quantitative Methods Research Team.

The data used for their analyses and a summary of the findings are also available online. (The paper and data cannot be found on the Berkeley site anymore > see update)


Apparently the data underlying the above mentioned paper are not available online anymore. The study by Prof. Hout has been strongly criticized by McCollough and Plassmann, who say that the study picked a statistical model that favoured a predetermined outcome, although other valid models produced opposite results. They have written a paper with their critique.